Definition of School Accreditation and 5 Conditions for Applying for Accreditation


School accreditation is an absolute requirement for a unit education to determine the quality and standards of education held at the school which can be used as evaluation material for both the school and the community who will send their children to the school.

School accreditation can be interpreted as a process of evaluating and assessing the quality of an educational institution carried out by a team of experts called assessors based on predetermined quality standards.

From result accreditation In this case, an institution has been deemed fit to operate and implement all of its programs. Accreditation is also a process of evaluating and assessing the suitability of an institution on an ongoing basis.

So it can also be interpreted as a process of evaluating and assessing the quality and quality carried out by the education provider.

School accreditation is also carried out by and under the direction of an independent accreditation body outside the institution, and the result will be an acknowledgment that the institution being assessed has complied with and complies with the quality standards set.

BAN S/M Implementing National Accreditation

Meanwhile, the process of implementing school accreditation is carried out by a special agency, namely; TIRE S/M. National Accreditation Board for Schools/Madrasah (BAN S/M). BAN-S/M is an independent evaluation body that determines the feasibility of programs and educational units at the formal primary and secondary education levels by referring to the National Education Standards

The purpose of accreditation is to provide an overview of the level of school performance that is used as a tool for coaching, developing and improving schools in terms of quality, effectiveness, efficiency, productivity and innovation.

In addition, the existence of school accreditation also guarantees to the public that the school has been accredited and provides educational services that meet national accreditation standards.

Education Units Participating in School Accreditation

Based on Permendikbud Number 59 of 2012 (article 1 paragraph 2), the National Accreditation Board for Schools/Madrasah is an independent evaluation body that determines the feasibility of programs and educational units at the formal level of primary and secondary education with reference to national education standards.

Furthermore, in article 1 paragraph 6 it is explained that schools/madrasas are forms of formal education units which include:

– Elementary School (SD);

– Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI);

– Junior High School (SMP);

– Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs);

– High School (SMA);

– Madrasah Aliyah (MA);

– Vocational High School (SMK);

– Vocational Aliyah Madrasah (MAK);

– Special School (SLB); and

– Other equivalent formal education units.

School Accreditation Proposal Terms

Each educational unit that wants to apply for accreditation must meet several requirements as an initial proposal for submitting school accreditation.

Accreditation at SMK/MAK is applied to skill programs according to the name of the expertise program in Permendiknas Number 40 of 2008 concerning Standards for Vocational Facilities. For expertise programs that have more than one skill competency, accreditation is still carried out on expertise programs by assessing all skill competencies.

The following are the requirements for school accreditation in educational programs or units such as schools or madrasas that wish to propose for accreditation as follows:

– Have a decision letter for the establishment/operation of the school/madrasah;

– Have students at all grade levels;

– Having educational facilities and infrastructure;

– Have educators and education staff;

– Implement the applicable curriculum; and have graduated students.


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